Tadpole's Outdoor Blog

October 18, 2012

On The Bright Side – Mary Howell – October 18, 2012

Filed under: Mary Howell — Freddie Keel @ 6:08 am


Martha Fuller Turner, a native of Hemphill was recently honored by the American Advertising Federation-Houston with the Trailblazer Award on September 20, 2012.


Martha takes pride in the fact that she grew up in Sabine County.  She is the daughter of the late Thomas Deas and Lucille Fuller and the granddaughter of Tom and Sally Mason Fuller.  She has an entrepreneurial heritage.  Her parents and grandparents were the owners and operators of Fuller’s  Dry Goods and Feed Store.


At the age of 5, Martha began working in the store and wrapped packages for the store’s customers.  She was too small  to reach the counter so she stood on a little stool to wrap the gifts.  When a customer was shopping for overalls or blue jeans, Martha would show then several pairs and then she would say “Don’t you need some socks to go with these?”  Her customers thought she was a clever salesperson and usually bought socks too.


She attended Hemphill schools where she participated in every school activity that was allowed for girls.  She graduated from Hemphill High School in the class of 1958 and was a class favorite.  One of her classmates, Clara Murphy, said this about Martha:  “If there was anyone in my class who could have been president of the United States of America, it would have been Martha Fuller”.


After her graduation she earned her degree in music and education from North Texas State University and returned to East Texas to begin her teaching career.  She taught her first year in San Augustine which was the home of her late husband, Keith Turner.


She later sold World Books, owned a wig shop and built and remodeled homes while teaching at River Oaks Baptist School in Houston.  Her first real estate sale was  a lavender and white trailer house she had owned for one week. “When I bought it, the seller told me we wouldn’t need air conditioning because it had a good cross-breeze.  I made $100.00 when I sold it.


During a speech to her employees she stated that she had practiced the Christian principles she had learned while attending Hemphill’s First Baptist Church during the pastorate of Bro. Clarence Howell.  She shared various stories about her competitive spirit  during her teenage years.  Her faith in God has given her the strength to achieve goals in her life.

She formed the Turner-Owens Properties in 1981 which later became Martha Turner Properties.  She knew the importance of advertising and ran a full-page, full color ad in the Houston Home and Garden Magazine.  The ad pictured a home centered on a full-page. “ People thought that was because we were spot lighting it.  It was actually the only listing we had” Martha said!


In October, 2009, Martha was inducted into the Texas Business Hall of Fame. She was elated to be the 7th woman to receive this honor.  Among the recipients of this prestigious award are President George HW Bush, Oveta Culp Hobby, Ross Perot, Ben Taub, Lloyd Bentsen, Sr.,  Roger Staubach and Jesse Jones.


On September 20, 2012, Martha Turner again took the spotlight as the recipient of the Trailblazer Award from the American Advertising Federation-Houston Trailblazer Gala at the Houston Museum of Natural Science.  Turner is the first woman to be honored with this award.  The City of Houston honored her with Martha Turner day on 9-20-12.



Martha lives in Houston with her husband, Glenn Bauguss.  Her daughter, Deasa Wexler and husband Stephan and grandson, Turner Hall are also Houston residents.


Martha Turner Properties is ranked as the number one independent real estate company by the Houston Business Journal.  In 2011, the company exceeded expectations with the best year in it’s 31 year history.  The firm closed over 2,000 sales valued at more than 1.3 billion.  Martha attributes the success to four factors:  Houston’s thriving economy, more than 200 sales associates, the best marketing in the business and God’s leadership.


Martha’s not only a Houston icon, she’s also an icon in Hemphill where she has many friends who love her and congratulate her on her career achievements. 


Here’s to lovin’, livin’ and laughin’ which is Martha Turner’s motto for living life on the bright side.

October 17, 2012

About Deer Antlers

Filed under: Fishing & Hunting — Freddie Keel @ 6:18 am

Antlers are found on all members of the deer family (Cervidae) in North America including deer, elk, caribou, and moose. Caribou are the only species in which antlers are typically found on females.

Antlers are often called “horns” by deer hunters, but they are not. Horns are found on sheep, goats, and cows and are formed from hair-like tissue that grows over a bony core. Horns are typically not shed, and some species, like big horn sheep, can be aged by counting the annual growth rings on their horns.

Unlike horns, antlers are true bone and are composed primarily of calcium and phosphorus and are deciduous. Deciduous means antlers are dropped or shed and grown anew each and every year. They grow from pedicels located on the frontal bone of the skull. The pedicels which begin growing at a couple months of age in buck fawns provide the base from which the antler will grow. The small hair covered bumps on a six month old male fawn’s head (a button buck) are the pedicels. They are not antlers. Infantile antlers or actual hardened antlers on a buck fawn have not been documented in Virginia but have been reported in other states. Deer grow their first set of antlers when they are approximately one year of age.

The skin or tissue that develops at the top of the pedicel reacts to hormones in the deer body and actually causes an antler to grow/develop. The most interesting aspect of this antler growth tissue is that, if it is surgically removed and grafted to another part of the deer’s body, an antler will grow there. For example, it would be possible to surgically produce a unicorn deer or a deer with 10 antlers growing out of its skull or any other part of the body.

The annual antler cycle is ultimately controlled by day length or photoperiod. The brain contains a kind of clock that measures the periods of light and dark and uses this information to ultimately control the secretion of the reproductive hormone testosterone in males. Testosterone controls the antler cycle. In tests, bucks kept in constant 12 hours of light and dark were unable to shed their antlers and grow new ones, and bucks kept in constant light grew and lost three sets of antlers in two years.

Growth of antlers typically begins in April in response to increasing day length. In fact, antler growth is one of the fastest known types of tissue growth in mammals, and a deer’s antlers can grow at a rate of ¼ inch per day. Antler growth begins by a bud forming on the pedicel. Within a month the first tine or brow tine will have begun to form or split off. Approximately a month later, the second tine (G2) will have begun to form. In just four months, the antlers are fully developed. During the summer months of antler growth, bucks live in reclusive bachelor groups and restrict their movements.

When the antlers are growing, they are full of nerves and blood vessels and are covered with a hairy skin covering tissue commonly called “velvet.” Antler growth is like building a skyscraper. What is first built is the structure or a frame or matrix. Think of pouring concrete; you must first build a form. That is what deer do. During the early summer, deer antlers are soft to the touch or spongy. Towards the middle of summer, as the form is being finished, the deer begins to “pour” the bone.

By late summer, as day length decreases, testosterone levels begin to increase, the form is filled, and the antler begins to harden. Finally the blood vessels within the antler itself are filled and lose their ability to nourish the velvet, and it dries up and falls off. The velvet is typically totally removed in a day, and some of it may be eaten by the buck. In Virginia, most deer are in hard antler by September 15th. Contrary to popular belief, deer do not rub their antlers on trees just to remove the velvet. In any given year, an individual buck may make hundreds of rubs, 99.9% of which are made after the velvet has already been removed.

Hard antlers remain on the deer through the peak of breeding (mid November in Virginia) until late fall or early winter. In response to continuing shortening of daylight and decreasing testosterone levels after the rut, an abscission zone forms at the junction of the pedicel and antler. An erosion of the bone takes place at this seam and eventually the antler falls off, leaving a bloody depression which quickly scabs over. Both antlers may fall off at exactly the same time, or one antler may be held for weeks or months after the first antler is shed. Each year in Virginia, the Department receives calls in late December about deer hunters shooting shed-antlered bucks. Most bucks in Virginia shed their antlers in January and/or February, but the Departments frequently receives reports of deer in hard antler in March up to April. Several rules of thumb can be applied to when deer shed their antlers. Large antlered older bucks typically shed their antlers earlier than young small antlered bucks. This may be due to the large amount of energy they expend during the rut. Similarly, deer in good condition typically hold their antlers longer than deer in poor condition.

Antler size is determined by three factors: age, nutrition, and genetics. Age is the simplest factor and also easy to manage. Simply put, as a buck gets older, his antlers get bigger. When a buck is 1-1/2 years of age and grows his first set of antlers, in Virginia on average he will have four points, a 16mm or 5/8 inch antler beam diameter (~ dime diameter), and just over an 8-inch outside spread. By the time he is 2-1/2, the average buck in Virginia has grown to 7 antler points, 24mm or 15/16 inch beams (quarter diameter), and has about a 14-inch outside spread. A typical 2-1/2 year old buck will probably average about 110 B&C. If you want to hunt/kill big bucks, these 2-1/2 year old bucks should also not be shot. At 3-1/2 and older, he will average 8 points, 29mm or 1-1/8 inch beams, and a greater than 16-inch outside spread. The average B&C score should be about 125.

Antler data from across the eastern United States clearly indicates that deer make significant increases in antler characteristics between 1-1/2 and 2-1/2 and again between 2-1/2 and 3-1/2, but then begin to plateau. If you pass up a yearling buck and he survives, the data indicates he will be significantly bigger next fall. The same “return on investment” logic applies to 2-1/2 year old bucks. It does not apply to 3-1/2 and older bucks. They will be bigger, but on average the increase in antler size will be fairly small. In free ranging deer herds, it is very difficult to manage for deer 4-1/2 and older. A buck does not reach his maximum antler potential until he is 4-1/2 to 7-1/2 years of age. After that his antler size will begin to decline. These “over the hill” bucks represent less than one tenth of one percent of the antlered bucks killed in Virginia in the last five years.

Nutrition is also simple; a deer has to have enough to eat to grow antlers. In overabundant deer herd condition suffers, and antler characteristics can also be expected to be compromised. The best way to address deer over abundance is to kill more does and reduce the deer herd density. Typically, there is a direct inverse relationship between deer density and the physical condition of animals within a herd. As deer population density increases, overall herd condition and reproductive rates decline. Conversely, as deer population density decreases, health improves and reproductive rates rise. With all that said, feeding deer and putting out mineral licks will not make deer grow big gigantic antlers like the pictures on the bags because it cannot make them older.

Genetics is not simple. For example, the old hunter’s tale that once a spike always a spike is not true, but that is not to say genetics does not play a role in deer antlers. Research done by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department has proven that antler characteristics are inheritable (i.e., they can be passed from generation to generation), but it may be a moot point; because when a hunter looks through a scope and sees a deer, he cannot see its genes. In free-ranging deer, managing antler genetics may not be possible. Hunters will often say, “Well, stock some of those big Illinois deer and let them breed!” First of all, how long would they survive? Maybe a day and, if they did survive, their “genetics” would not have any measurable impact. It would be akin to putting one drop of red food dye in the Pacific Ocean and expecting it to turn red. It would not work.

There are several unique antler facts that will surprise and interest most deer hunters. One of the most unique is the impact that an injury to the back leg of a buck has to subsequent antler development on the opposite site. For example, the next time you see a deer with a normal rack on the right and a twisted stunted rack on the left, check its back right leg for injury. For some reason, after a buck has a serious injury to a hind limb, it will cause the opposite antler to be abnormal and stunted. The cause for this is unknown, but it is more common than most deer hunters realize. This stunting effect will persist even after the hind leg heals.

A second unique male antler anomaly is a “cactus” buck. These bucks suffer from very low testosterone production due to hypogonadism or cryptochidism (i.e., their testicles are the size of a green pea or never descend from the body cavity). Because they never experience a fall surge of testosterone, the antlers are never shed. Each year new velvet and antler material is grown over and around the existing antler. Over time this gives the antlers the look of a gnarly “cactus.” These bucks are not common, but a couple are reported killed in Virginia each year.

Because the testosterone plays such an important part of the antler cycle, castration in deer can have a profound effect on antlers. If a male fawn is castrated early, he will never grow pedicels or antlers. If a deer is in hard antler and is castrated, he will lose his antlers normally and grow a new set, which will never shed their velvet. If a deer is in velvet and is castrated, he will never shed his velvet or lose his antlers.
What about non-typical antlers. Well, the jury is still out, but there is probably a genetic component. As noted above, injury can cause abnormal antlers, but many of the anomalies commonly seen on deer antlers (e.g., drop tines, kicker points, abnormal tines, palmated antlers) are not caused by injury. Age is also a factor. Many typical antlered bucks begin to pick up abnormal antler characteristics such as kickers and beauty points about the burr as they get older. When they get really old, in their teens, their antlers typically look like small twisted bonsai trees.

What about antlered does. Yes, does can have antlers. If you took a normal doe and treated her with testosterone, she would grow antlers. Hunters typically encounter two types of antlered “does”; those with hard antlers and those in velvet. Does with velvet covered antlers usually have normal female reproductive tracts and can bear fawns. Does with hardened antlers are almost always male pseudohermophrodites. These animals have female external genitalia, but have male organs (testicles) internally.

October 16, 2012

Do you think you will be fishing at age 98?

Filed under: Fishing & Hunting — Freddie Keel @ 5:55 am

Fish of a (long) lifetime

Conor Harrison – Lone Star Outdoor
99-year-old[1]Nice fish: 98-year-old Adelaide Copeland and guide Jay Nichols admire Adelaide’s personal-best redfish, caught on cut mullet. Photo by Connie Booth.

Junction resident Adelaide Copeland loves to fish.

The 98-year-old has been going to the Texas coast near Rockport with her family for at least the past 60 years. But this year’s trip stood out, thanks to an old fishing spot and one big redfish.

“We take her every year, and we have been going with Jay (Nichols, of Just Add Water Guide Service) for the past three years,” said Copeland’s daughter, Connie Booth. “She’s in a walker and blind, so jay lifts her in and out of the boat.”

Booth said she lost her older brother last year at age 74, and when the family was growing up, he would take his mom to a special spot to fish.

“We’d rent a boat and he’d take momma out to fish,” Booth said. “She loved to fish a certain post that marked a reef in the bay in front of Rockport. So this time, I told mom we were right out in front of Rockport. Well, Jay found that damn post — it had a pelican sitting on it.”

The family pitched lines in the water and it wasn’t long before Copeland hooked into a big bull red.

“Her fish was the biggest of the day — a bull red measuring 31 ¼ inches and weighing 14 pounds,” Booth said. “And of all the places; that is where she’d fish with my brother. It was one of her old spots.”

The big red was caught on a cut mullet, and Booth said it was the fishing highlight of her mom’s life.

“It’s the biggest fish she’d ever caught,” she said. “It was her fish of a lifetime at 98 years old.  We are so proud that momma is still game to enjoy a fun day on the water chasing the big ones.

“She is an inspiration to everyone who meets her.”

October 15, 2012

This political ad by the Catholic Church is powerful.

Filed under: Misc — Freddie Keel @ 7:30 pm

To view full screen, click on bottom right icon.   ESC to return.

A video worth watching

Filed under: Misc — Freddie Keel @ 5:57 am

October 14, 2012


Filed under: Neal Murphy — Freddie Keel @ 5:55 am






It was a Wednesday and I should have been in school, but I was at home ill and in bed.  I was eleven years old and in the fifth grade in San Augustine Elementary School, but there I was in my bed fighting off some illness and dozing off occasionally.  My Dad was at work in the Court House and mother was giving a permanent in her home beauty shop.

It was a warm spring morning, as I recall, and a bad day to be ill.  Suddenly I heard a distant rumble as if it were a clap of thunder.  The window in my bedroom rattled for a moment, then things went quiet again.  I peered out my window to see if a dark cloud was approaching, but nothing was in sight.  I looked at the wall clock and it reported the time as about ten minutes past nine o’clock.  It was  April 16, 1947. I wondered what I had heard from the South, and what could have rattled the window.  Seeing nothing, I lay back down on the bed and forgot about it.

When Dad came home for lunch he told us about a terrible explosion that had occurred in Texas City, Texas which was at least 175 miles to the south.  Unbelievably, I had heard the sound of the deadliest industrial accident in U. S. history, known as the Texas City Disaster.  We found out later that the accident took place on a French registered vessel, the SS Grandcamp, which was docked in the Port of Texas City.  The fire detonated approximately 2,300 tons of ammonium nitrate with a resulting chain reaction of fires and explosions that killed at least 581 people.

Actually later investigations revealed that more than one ship had exploded that day.  The Grandcamp was a recently re-activated 437 foot long Liberty Ship.  It was originally christened the SS Benjamin R. Curtis in  Los Angeles in 1942 and had served in the Pacific theatre but was mothballed in Philadelphia after World War II.

During the Cold War, the ship was re-commissioned and assigned to the French Line to assist in the rebuilding of Europe.  Along with ammonium nitrate – a common cargo on the high seas – it was carrying small arms ammunition, machinery, and bales of sisal twine on the deck.

Another ship involved in the harbor was the SS High Flyer which was docked about 600 feet away from the SS Grandcamp.  The High Flyer contained another 961 tons of ammonium nitrate, and 3,600,000 pounds of sulfur.  The ammonium nitrate in both ships, and in an adjacent warehouse, were on its way to farmers in Europe.

Around 8:00 AM, smoke was spotted in the cargo hold of the Grandcamp while it was still moored at its dock. Attempts at control failed as a red glow returned after each effort.   Shortly before 8:10 AM, the Captain ordered his men to steam the hold, a firefighting method where steam is  piped in to put out fires in the hope of preserving the cargo.  Meanwhile, the fire had attracted a crowd of spectators along the shoreline, who believed they were a safe distance away.  Spectators noted that the water around the ship was already boiling from the heat, and the water touching the hull of the ship was vaporized into steam.  The cargo hold and deck began to bulge as the forces increased inside.

At 9:12 AM, the vessel detonated causing great destruction and damage throughout the port.  The blast sent a 15-foot wave that was detected over nearly 100 miles off the Texas shoreline.  The blast leveled nearly 1,000 structures on land, including the Monsanto Chemical Company plant.  The entire volunteer fire department of Texas City was killed in the initial explosion on the docks while fighting the shipboard fire.

The first explosion ignited ammonium nitrate in the High Flyer.  Crews spent hours attempting to cut the ship free from its anchor and other obstacles, but without success.  After smoke had been pouring out of its hold for over five hours, the High Flyer blew up demolishing the nearby SS Wilson B. Keene, killing at least two more people.  One of the propellers on the High Flyer was blown off and found over a mile inland.

The official death toll of this disaster was 581, with 63 bodies never identified.  Over 5,000 people were injured, with 1,784 admitted to twenty-one area hospitals.  More than 500 homes were destroyed and hundreds more damaged, leaving 2,000 people homeless.  The seaport was destroyed and many businesses were flattened or burned.  Over 1,100 vehicles were damaged and 362 freight cars were obliterated.  The total property damage was estimated at $100 million dollars.  That would equate to $983 million in today’s currency.

A positive result of the Texas City disaster was widespread disaster response planning to help organize plant, local, and regional responses to emergencies.  Within days of the disaster, major companies that had lost facilities in the explosions announced plans to rebuild in Texas City and even expand their operations.  Some companies implemented policies of retaining all of the hourly workers who had previously worked at destroyed facilities with plans to utilize them in the rebuilding.

It is still a mystery to me how I could have heard the sound of the initial explosion some 175 miles away.  There may be other people in our county that heard it, too.  I would be interested in hearing from you.

*Thanks to Wikipedia On Line for details.

October 13, 2012

It is time for you to check for UNCLAIMED MONEY!

Filed under: Misc — Freddie Keel @ 6:44 am

Good hunting


October 12, 2012

Wisdom from an old Jewish man!

Filed under: Misc — Freddie Keel @ 6:13 am

A female CNN journalist heard about a very old Jewish man who had been going to the Western Wall to pray, twice a day, every day, for a long, long time.

So she went to check it out.

She went to the Western Wall and there he was, walking slowly up to the holy site.

She watched him pray and after about 45 minutes, when he turned to leave, using a cane and moving very slowly, she approached him for an interview.

“Pardon me, sir, I’m Rebecca Smith from CNN. What’s your name?

“Morris Feinberg,” he replied.

“Sir, how long have you been coming to the Western Wall and praying?”

“For about 60 years.”

“60 years! That’s amazing! What do you pray for?”

“I pray for peace between the Christians, Jews and the Muslims.”

“I pray for all the wars and all the hatred to stop.”

“I pray for all our children to grow up safely as responsible adults and to love their fellow man.”

“I pray that politicians tell us the truth and put the interests of the people ahead of their own interests.”

“How do you feel after doing this for 60 years?”

“Like I’m talking to a wall.”

October 11, 2012

On The Bright Side – Mary Howell – Oct 11, 2012

Filed under: Uncategorized — Freddie Keel @ 5:55 am


Dear “John”,


Today is your 44th birthday.  I wish I could say Happy Birthday to you in person but that isn’t possible.


I well remember October 10, 1968 when you arrived as a healthy bouncing baby boy.  Your parents were so proud to have a son to carry on the family name.


You grew into an active toddler with your own personality.  You did cute tricks to make people laugh.  I remember one time after you had been to a circus, you dressed up in  a hat and played like you were a circus barker standing on a little stool.  Those of us who saw you, laughed and clapped.


You were excited to start school. You cared how you were dressed and your hair had to be in place.  You studied hard and made good grades until your life changed forever.  You loved to sing your favorite song, “You Light Up My life”.


When you were in the eighth grade, a teenaged boy introduced you to drugs.  As the years passed you relied on drugs and finally you got hooked.


You never got to graduate from high school.  You broke the law and went to prison after one of your friends talked you into stealing money from her grandmother. The girl went scott-free.


Your parents were devastated and broken-hearted.  They faithfully went to the prison to visit with you.


After you returned home, you went back to your old habits and a few years later, you returned to prison.


By this time you were an adult, married with a child to support.


You tried over and over to kick your habit.  You went to church and your family was proud to see a change in your life.


You had a vile temper and threatened the lives of those who loved you the most.


Almost four years ago, you disappeared off the face of the earth.  No one could find a trace of your whereabouts.  Your family and friends grieve every day.  Your parents and three beautiful daughters still go to bed every night wondering where you are and pray that you are alive and safe.

There has been no proof of your demise and no evidence that you are still alive.


I am writing this letter, praying that it will touch the lives of hundreds of “Johns” and “Jills” whose lives have been ruined by the habitual use of drugs.  I’m sure that hundreds of families share the same grief, not knowing where their loved ones are and wondering if they have food to eat, a place to sleep and clothes to wear.


It is my prayer that God will comfort these families whose lives have been damaged by drug abuse.  I pray that they know God’s love is never-ending.  God cares for them in their time of turmoil.


From:  Someone who cares.

October 10, 2012

Archery Deer Season a Silent Strong Opener

Filed under: Fishing & Hunting — Freddie Keel @ 6:10 am

Archery Deer Season a Silent Strong Opener

AUSTIN – Unlike the symphony of shotgun blasts signaling the opening weekend of dove season, few will hear the whisper soft “string music” of archery-only deer season. But, that doesn’t mean there aren’t a lot of hunters making bowstring music; archery hunting stamp sales are up substantially this year, according to the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department.

Entering this weekend’s “soft” opener of deer season, the archery-only season Sept. 29-Nov. 2, archery endorsements are up 15.2 percent at 13,231. The endorsement is required of anyone hunting during the archery-only season. The endorsement is included in the department’s Super Combo hunting and fishing license package, sales of which are also up 11.75 percent at 292,670.

Wildlife officials point to rebounding range conditions this year that helped bolster deer populations as a contributing factor to the jump in hunting participation this fall. Timely rainfall across much of the state that began during the winter of 2011 and continued through the first half of this year generated much needed habitat recovery. Those important food sources resulted in increased deer antler growth, improved body conditions and higher fawn production and survival.

“Most of the state has received much needed rain to boost forage resources needed for antler development and fawn rearing,” said Alan Cain, TPWD deer program leader.”Far West Texas, primarily mule deer country is still dry. I expect this to be an average to slightly above average season for antlers. South Texas, known for trophy bucks, should be in good shape as we’ve had rain this summer. The Texas Hill Country known for higher deer populations has also received good rains this summer so hunters should expect decent antler quality and good body weights for this region.”

New this season, the Texas Parks and Wildlife Commission approved opening a hunting season for deer in Dallas, Collin, Rockwall and Galveston counties.

Under the new regulations, the current season structure in Grayson County will be altered to allow full-season, either-sex whitetail harvest. The amended Grayson County archery-only deer season structure will also be implemented in Dallas, Collin, and Rockwall counties. In addition, the Commission approved implementing the current Harris County season structure in Galveston County.

The deer season in Collin and Rockwall counties has been closed since 1976 after agricultural development had virtually eliminated deer habitat. Since that time, agriculture has been gradually displaced by the extensive urban, suburban, and exurban growth of the Metroplex, which has resulted in highly fragmented habitat and minimal populations of white-tailed deer, mostly in riparian areas surrounding lakes and streams.

The general gun deer season in Texas opens Nov. 3 statewide, preceded by a youth-only deer season the weekend of Oct. 27-28.

A bright outlook for deer season may not be the only reason more archers are taking to the woods. TPWD is taking steps to introduce archery to potential new hunters through the National Archery in the Schools Program, now in its eighth year in Texas. NASP is being offered in all 50 states and six countries. To date worldwide more than 9.5 million school children from more than 10, 300 schools in grades 4-12 have received archery instruction from their NASP teachers.

Toyota is the primary sponsor of Texas-NASP and the program is part of the state’s hunter and bow hunter education efforts, programs that are supported from the sales of archery equipment through the federal Sport Fish and Wildlife Restoration Program efforts. For information about the Texas-National Archery In The Schools program, contact Burnie Kessner with Texas Parks and Wildlife Department at burnie.kessner@tpwd.state.tx.us or (979) 862-7341. Or, see the TPWD archery in the schools Web page.

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